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State of New York

Judicial Campaigns and Elections: New York

Campaign Financing

Limits on contributions to judicial candidates are determined according to a formula, which is based on the number of enrolled party members in the candidate's district for the primary election and the number of registered voters in the candidate's district for the general election. There are different limits for family and non-family contributors. The limit on non-family contributions is determined by the following formula: $0.05 x the number of party members or the number of registered voters in the candidate's district. Non-family contribution limits are at least $1,000, with a maximum of $50,000. The aggregate limit on contributions from a candidate's family is calculated as follows: $0.25 x the number of party members or the number of registered voters. Aggregate family contribution limits are at least $1,250, with a maximum of $100,000. New York also imposes aggregate calendar-year limits on political contributions. Individuals may contribute up to a total of $150,000 in a calendar year, and corporations may contribute up to $5,000.

New York has one of the most restrictive rules in the nation regarding when judges are disqualified from hearing cases involving campaign contributors. According to a court rule adopted in 2011, no case shall be assigned by court administrators to a judge when the lawyers or any of the participants involved donated $2,500 or more in the preceding two years.

See below for National Institute on Money in State Politics data on contributions to state high court candidates.

Amounts raised by each candidate at the most recent election cycle:

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